Spanning multiple habitat types, including old-fields, successional forest, old-growth forest, and forest wetlands, the Hutcheson Memorial Forest, is home to more than 350 species of vascular plants and more than 200 species of birds observed. For a complete downloadable list of observed flora and fauna click on links to the right.
The canopy dominant tree species include white oak (Quercus alba), red oak (Q. rubra), black oak (Q. veluntina) and sweet pignut hickory (Carya glabra). Other common trees include sugar maple (Acer saccharum), red maple (A. rubrum), and black cherry (Prunus serotina). Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), which were once prolific in the midstory, can still be found throughout the old forest and forest edges.
The understory of the old growth forest was once dominated by maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium), but in recent years the herbaceous layer has been impacted by non-native plants and herbivory from deer. Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum) is common throughout the spring, while many spring ephemerals and woodland herbs are still present and are being closely monitored since the construction of a deer fence in 2015. In addition to forest herbs, the old fields, which are managed to represent different lengths of time since release from management, are dominated by many species of native grasses, wildflowers.
A wide variety of song birds can be found at HMF. In the forest, visitors can expect to see Tufted Titmice (Baeolophus bicolor), Wood Thrushes (Hylocichla mustelina), White-breasted Nuthatches (Sitta carolinensis), Hairy Woodpeckers (Picoides villosus), and Common Yellowthroats (Geothlypis trichas) in addition to many other common species. Indigo Buntings (Passerina cyanea), American Goldfinches (Spinus tristis), Yellow Warblers (Setophaga petechia), and Palm Warblers (Setophaga palmarum) can also be found in the fields surrounding the old growth forest. In total over sixty species have been observed at Hutcheson Memorial Forest but you can typically see twenty to thirty species on a given day.